Nits, simply put, are louse eggs. There are three kinds of lice commonly found on humans, attacking the head, the body, and the pubic region. The most common of these is head lice. They are easily spread between humans by physical contact, and require human blood to survive.
The scalp and hair of the potentially affected person by these eggs should be examined thoroughly for the eggs. These eggs get attached to the scalp or shaft of the hair and are yellow in appearance. This makes one to mistake it for dandruff.
Should you find nits on yourself or a friend or family member, there is no reason to panic! There are a variety of home remedies available for lice removal and also many commercially produced head lice treatments. If you are not comfortable using these treatments or remedies and only a few nits are visible, you can even first try just removing them by hand.
The easiest home remedy for lice removal is to wash the hair with a regular shampoo and then comb through it using a nit comb. A common, though unproven, home remedy is to thoroughly coat the hair with a gooey or oily substance like olive oil or mayonnaise, then to bundle the hair up in a shower cap and leave it overnight. The going theory is that this suffocates the lice, however, it may be possible that the lice and nits are actually removed when attempting to rinse the substance out of the hair.
A number of head lice shampoos are available at your local pharmacy or drugstore. Questions regarding the use of these products should be directed to your pharmacist or physician. Additionally, the use of a nit comb is also recommended with these products, so be sure to pick one up while you can.
After someone in the family’s been diagnosed with lice, you don’t need to panic and clean/sterilize your entire house. All lice die within thirty six to forty right hours after being taken off the head, so as long as bedding and hair care products are cleaned, it should be okay. It won’t cause any harm to completely clean a house if it makes you feel better!